Xuất khẩu nông sản: Không còn ‘cửa’ cho làm ăn gian dối

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Currently, the authorities of importing countries have enough experience and tools to detect fraud if any in the process of agricultural product trade.

In 2022, Vietnam’s agricultural export turnover continues to break records with a figure of more than 53 billion USD. To achieve the above results, Vietnam’s agricultural industry has made many changes, not only developing output but also improving the quality of goods, continuously conquering high-end and high-value markets.

SPS compliance is key

Dr. Le Thanh Hoa, Director of SPS Vietnam Office, said that after 20 years of participating in the export market of agricultural products with an initial value of only US$20 million, Vietnam has now become one of the leading exporting countries in the world. the world’s largest agricultural product exporter.

“We not only improve the quality of Vietnam’s agricultural products, but also participate in stabilizing the world agricultural product market and ensuring food security. The proof is that Vietnam is contributing 15% of the world’s total rice exports,” said Mr. Le Thanh Hoa.

Besides, vegetables and seafood products are also strong export products of Vietnam. According to Mr. Hoa, seafood can be considered as the most successful export sector of Vietnam with the ability to meet the regulations of the most demanding markets such as the EU, Japan, the United States, South Korea, and Australia. , New Zealand…

In addition, last year, we also opened the market and exported many agricultural products to China. This is a market that also has great changes in the food safety management system, increasingly strict regulations, not only on management or practice but also related to food hygiene and safety standards. products to meet the increasing consumption requirements of the people of this country.

The reason for these achievements is that over the past time, Vietnam has continuously perfected all monitoring and management systems on food safety, from the legal system to the stages of practice and application. using high processing standards such as ISO 22000 or HACCP. These are special motivations for the export of Vietnamese agricultural products to rise in the past time as well as in the future.

In addition to the leadership of seafood products, Vietnam’s coffee, cashew, vegetable and food processing industries have undergone many changes, basically meeting the requirements of strict markets. best.

In the view of Dr. Le Thanh Hoa, in addition to perfecting the legal institutional system related to food hygiene and safety management, Vietnam’s agricultural industry has made fundamental changes in production practices.

“We have moved from small, non-certified production to centralized production, with many certifications from VietGAP to GlobalGAP to go into high-end markets such as EU, US, Japan. We are also shifting to producing high-value agricultural products, organic agricultural products”, the head of SPS Vietnam Office further analyzed.

According to Mr. Hoa, this is a turning point of Vietnam’s agriculture in a new trend when we have joined a series of không lấy phí trade agreements, which are considered as springboards to promote transformation in production. agricultural.

And if the quality and safety of food is not guaranteed, the goods will not be able to be exported, so the only way to comply with all the SPS regulations of the importing markets is the key for export. agricultural.

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To meet this, Vietnam needs to make an appropriate change in the management system and SPS Vietnam Office as the focal point to receive information about changes from member countries as well as information about changes. Trade partners will ensure information to Vietnamese regulatory agencies so that appropriate instructions can be given.

Dr. Le Thanh Hoa also suggested that, after successes in seafood, vegetables and rice, Vietnam can promote the export of livestock products, which have many strengths but have only exploited a very small corner. as small as pork, poultry or suckling pig…

But in order to promote the livestock industry and create a breakthrough in the export of agricultural products in the near future, there must be a change in disease surveillance and a better disease surveillance network in the veterinary industry. In addition, there is a need for state investment in disease surveillance as well as in building areas that can manage the disease.

The value of scientific information

It is a fact that opening the market for tropical fruit and vegetable products has many difficulties. The reason is that all importing countries require a risk assessment, on the basis of which they require quarantine treatment measures.

For example, with the US and Australia, it is often required to implement irradiation measures, with Japan, Korea or Taiwan, nóng sauna measures are required, or China also has agreements related to irradiation. quarantine measures with Vietnam.

According to Dr. Le Thanh Hoa, it can be seen that importing countries are using risk assessment measures as a barrier to trade. Therefore, the negotiation to open the market for agricultural products depends on the internal situation of each country because this is a very competitive process.

For example, when we are allowed to export grapefruit to the United States, China, the world’s largest grapefruit producer, can also send a request to open the market for this fruit to Washington. Or when negotiating durian exports to China, many countries in the region such as the Philippines and Cambodia also have this need.

However, this risk assessment also depends a lot on the information and scientific basis we provide them related to pests and diseases associated with agricultural products that are proposed to open. door.

Therefore, the Director of SPS Vietnam Office said that in the coming time, developing a system of investigation, research and assessment of disease risks as well as building production processes to meet regulations. of the market is essential.

Specifically, scientific topics need to be expanded, not only focusing on serving domestic needs, but also ensuring that they meet the regulations of the import market and need to focus on objects that need to be opened. door.

For example, in order to open more doors for fruits and vegetables to new markets, ensuring the science, associated with the production process, and monitoring pests and diseases needs a system. complete information, complete database system and this can be delegated to scientific institutions. Thus, we will take advantage of resources, instead of placing this burden on state management agencies such as the Department of Plant Protection or the Department of Animal Health…

“The more complete the information provided, the better the assessment and market opening will be. In addition, it is also necessary to mention the influence of diplomatic relations and trade relations to accelerate the risk assessment process and open the market for Vietnamese agricultural products,” said Director Le Thanh Hoa. determined”.

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Don’t tie yourself up

Along with the mass opening of agricultural products, an issue that also worries managers is the preservation of credibility, eliminating fraudulent business practices in trade.

Commenting on this issue, the leader of SPS Vietnam Office said that there are still many businesses that, because they run after profits, forget about the brand value, the value of the business in ensuring the quality of goods as well. as a source for partners.

According to Mr. Hoa, these are prerequisites in building a brand. To do this, there must be a specific strategy from building raw materials to production and processing to ensure quality and safety. food.

“In trade, everyone needs good partners, good customers and we must be honest when doing business with them,” emphasized Dr. Le Thanh Hoa.

For example, when exporting agricultural products to the Chinese market, if a fraudulent business borrows the planting area code, thanks to the packing base code, the Chinese Customs has enough experience and tools to find out the truth. .

“Assuming a code is issued for an area of ​​20 hectares, the authorities can know the equivalent production, both maximum and minimum, regardless of the percentage of quality fruit. At that time, if the export volume exceeds these numbers, they will detect it, if it is determined that there is a fraud, the code will be stopped immediately”, Mr. Le Thanh Hoa analyzed and gave advice to the exporters. enterprises must do it honestly, not to cheat in international trade.

From the lessons in exporting rice beyond the production capacity of the registered factory and being “whispered” by China, the Director of SPS Vietnam Office affirmed to develop and expand this market in the near future. In the future, they can only do it for real, eat real food: “This is something that the state cannot do instead and businesses must be self-aware to be able to assert their brand”.

Sharing about the problem of not meeting the requirements of the import market on regulations related to pesticide residues or microbial contamination, Dr. Le Thanh Hoa said that the business allowed this to happen. This phenomenon is “self-tipping”.

Specifically, if previously the EU market did not require a risk assessment for Vietnamese agricultural products to open the market, but the repeated violations of food safety regulations made this area require the Department to Pesticide must check and issue codes for each facility before they can be exported.

“If we do it well from the beginning, they will never ask the Plant Protection Department to do it. Thus, businesses are tying their own feet,” emphasized Mr. Hoa.

Therefore, Vietnamese businesses need to be aware of this and change in the near future because fresh fruits and vegetables only need to meet EU regulations on pesticide residues. and microbial contamination with the risk of disease can be imported easily.

Thereby, it can be seen that many markets are very open, not difficult for Vietnamese agricultural products, but if businesses do not do well, they will not only tie their own legs but also push the management agencies into the burden of inspection. , monitoring, meeting the requirements of the partners.

Besides, the violation of regulations of the importing country not only affects businesses but also damages the image of Vietnamese agricultural products and brands in the world market.

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What needs to be improved?

As a person who has been with the SPS Vietnam Office since the early days, when we first joined the WTO, Dr. Le Thanh Hoa said, since then, the unit has had a lot of activities to disseminate information related to SPS, raising awareness for enterprises exporting agricultural products.

In fact, the export of agricultural products has made a lot of progress after joining the WTO, in particular, the value of Vietnam’s agricultural exports has continuously grown, proving that it is increasingly meeting the regulations on agricultural products. SPS of the world market.

However, there are still warnings regarding violation of maximum residue levels or microbial contamination because in fact, our production conditions, especially in small households, the application of Use good practices.

Therefore, Mr. Le Thanh Hoa said that in the coming time, the agricultural sector needs to continue to improve this situation. But it must also be objectively recognized that the warnings issued by the import market have decreased a lot compared to previous years, especially in the seafood sector, only 10-15% compared to before.

“Specifically, if in the years 2009-2010, the warning on seafood products increased to 300-400 for the EU market, then Japan, but now there are only about a dozen, that is a positive sign.” Dr. Hoa said.

In general, the representative of SPS Vietnam Office said that, in addition to strengthening supervision and management as well as completing the legal system on SPS, we also need to continue to improve and raise awareness. of people.

According to Mr. Hoa, only when people, the main producers have good awareness, can they have good methods and offer good products for agriculture.

In addition, the state also provides better management policies for the use of chemicals in agriculture, animal husbandry and plant protection.

It is not only good management in the country but also in harmony with the standards of countries around the world by relying on the standards and recommendations that the recognized WTO organizations have made.

Mr. Le Thanh Hoa hoped that in the coming time, with the participation of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, together with management agencies related to the field of food safety as well as animal and plant quarantine, the goods of Vietnam increasingly meets market regulations and becomes one of the leading countries in the bloc of countries exporting agricultural products to the world market.

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Phân mục: Phong thủy

Đặt mâm cúng tất niên cuối năm 2022 tại đây: cungtatnien.com

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