Cúng Dường Tam Bảo và ý nghĩa các vật phẩm cúng Phật

Cúng Dường Tam Bảo và ý nghĩa các vật phẩm cúng Phật

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Cúng Dường Tam Bảo và ý nghĩa các vật phẩm cúng Phật –

We often see a lot of Buddhists buying fresh flowers, fruits… to make offerings to Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. So what is the meaning of those offerings?

We often see a lot of Buddhists buying fresh flowers, fruits… to make offerings to Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. So what is the meaning of those offerings?

“Offering” means providing and nurturing venerable ones such as teachers, ancestors or grandparents, parents, who have contributed to the transmission of human morality, good things like the three treasures of Buddha, Dharma, The eternal Sangha helps us to abide in the true Dharma, to understand that the sentient beings in the six paths of reincarnation are all relatives and relatives of each other for many lives, many lives, so the act of giving to them is called an offering. .

First of all, parents are the two people who were born with a heavy burden of childbirth, raised us up, took care of us to study, raise a wife and a husband, create a fortune and career, we have the responsibility to make offerings. parents in old age or in sickness or disease (that is, to love and care for their parents.)

1. Purpose of the Three Jewels Offering: There are 3 main purposes

  • Maintain the throne of the Three Jewels to continue to teach sentient beings.
  • Developing the Three Jewels to suit the new era, not being lost or outdated
  • Protect the Three Jewels from the forces of harassment and harm.

2. Offering the Triple Gem includes:

  • Make offerings to Buddha
  • Offering Dharma Treasures
  • Offering to the Sangha

“Offering is the nourishment that keeps the Three Jewels alive. All the protection and help to preserve the Three Jewels are often called offerings. The Three Jewels are Buddha, Dharma and Sangha.

Buddha is in the past, only the image remains. The Dharma derived from Sanskrit to Chinese characters is still available in the temple treasure. The Sangha are monks who follow Buddhism to study the Dharma. It is these people who are responsible for preserving the Buddha image, interpreting and explaining the Dharma.

The Three Jewels are precious, but the most important is the Sangha. If there were no Sangha, who would take care of the temples, who would teach the Dharma? Therefore, offering to the Three Jewels is in general, but the Sangha is important. The Sangha is still the Three Jewels, while the Sangha is gone, the Three Jewels are also absent. Therefore, all offerings are placed heavily on the Sangha, with the aim of the Three Jewels existing in the human world.” – Most Venerable Thich Thanh Tu

3. Levels of Offering: Offering has 3 levels

  • Offerings
  • Respectfully make offerings
  • Happy offering

Offerings: offering Buddhas, Bodhisattvas and monks material things such as food, flowers, clothes, utensils, etc.

Devotion to make offerings: is to offer a sincere heart and absolute faith in the Buddha. The portion of devotion is higher than the offering.

Making offerings: is to turn the Buddha’s teachings into beneficial actions for sentient beings. This is the highest offering.

4. Make offerings to Buddha

Although the Buddha has passed away, we still offer food and drink to the Buddha to imagine that the Buddha is still alive, teaching us to practice and study.

Do not display the family, wasteful. Buddhist offerings are literally:

  • Scent
  • Light
  • fresh flower
  • Fruits
  • Clear water
  • Sometimes adding steamed rice is enough.
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But the most precious to make offerings to the Buddha are the five wonderful incense:

  • Precepts for incense: we must keep the precepts pure to be worthy of being a child of Buddha
  • Settlement: Practice calm your mind, don’t let it be agitated or deluded
  • Hue Huong: Pay attention to literature, meditation, and practice. It means studying the Buddha’s teachings, then pondering, meditating, and determined to practice.
  • Fragrance liberation: breaking down self-grasping, always contemplating no-self, the four great elements are empty, discriminating karma is also empty.
  • Liberation of Perception and Perfume: Breaking all the dharmas, not seeing earth, water, wind, and fire are real, joy and sorrow, happiness and suffering are real.

5. Offering Dharma Treasures

First of all, you have to study and study the Buddha’s teachings to understand the nobility of that teaching. Then, if you have money, you should export the sutras and popularize them to many places. If you are knowledgeable, you should explain the Dharma for everyone to understand, or compose literary and theoretical genres for readers to absorb, or translate sutras from foreign languages ​​into Vietnamese.

6. Offering to the Sangha

The monks are the substitutes of the Buddha who pass on the Dharma to us, so we must provide and nurture the monks. The attitude of offering must be respectful, respectful, not conceited, regardless of position. Sangha in any temple, any country; Those who are in the ranks of the Sangha, we should just make offerings. Should choose the necessary items for the true life of the monks, should not indulge in the personal preferences of this or that person, but make offerings to those who are not. If the food is not in accordance with the Dharma, then the person who offers it will not have any merit, but the recipient will also be guilty.

1. The meaning of flower offerings

Offering flowers in front of the Buddha image symbolizes the practice of human beings. Neither the world nor the Buddhadharma are separate from cause and effect, and are based on the basis of cause and effect. Most flowers have the same purpose, which is to emit fragrance. When we see flowers, we immediately think about cultivating benevolence, by doing useful things for everyone and all species. Only then will we reap good fruits in the future. In daily life, when dealing and communicating with people, we need to radiate the fragrance of virtue and quality, to set a good example for those to follow..

Offering flowers to the Three Jewels is an opportunity for us to learn from flowers the lessons of impermanence, the fragrance of virtue, if we speak well, we must do it well… From the daily flower offering, if we have good intentions, the offering It also becomes a practical practice, bringing peace to Buddhists.

Learn their good deeds to follow and practice. Cultivation must practice, just like saying must do, but speaking without doing, speech is useless, brings no results or benefits at all, for example, flowers have color but no fragrance.

Therefore, offering flowers is a representative of the practice of human beings, we must remember that when cultivating benevolent people, in the future there will be good retribution.

2. The meaning of offering fruit (fruit)

The fruit offering symbolizes the result, the retribution from the cultivation of the Six Degrees. Buddhists often practice giving to everyone, all species, the retribution for themselves is wealth, intelligence, health, and long life. For everyone around is bringing joy and happiness.

To have good fruit, we must know how to cultivate good flowers. In Mahayana Buddhism, flowers are understood to represent the six realms: generosity, morality, patience, diligence, meditation, and wisdom.

The fruit offering symbolizes the result, the retribution from the cultivation of the Six Degrees. Buddhists often practice giving to everyone, all species, the retribution for themselves is wealth, intelligence, health, and long life. For everyone around is bringing joy and happiness.

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If you keep the precepts, your body – speech – mind will be pure and peaceful, you will be able to prevent bad karma, and be trusted and respected by everyone around you. The Buddha said: “Illnesses come from the mouth, harm comes out of the mouth”. Currently, in society, there are many strange diseases, discord, wars are caused by mouth.

3. Meaning of food offerings

Offering fresh, clean food to the Three Jewels is to show respect and admiration for the Buddha. If we want to eat delicious food, we must take what we like and offer it to Buddhas and Bodhisattvas.

The benefit of giving food by offering food does not need much or fussy dishes, everyone has what they give, just to ensure that the monks and nuns have a simple, frugal meal, enough for chanting, knocking, etc. It’s okay to practice.

4. The meaning of incense offerings

Incense or incense is also an expression of Buddhism. Burning incense is a method to remind us to study and think about precepts, meditation, and wisdom.

The meaning of Vietnamese people often light three sticks of incense as follows: Three incense sticks represent the meaning of the heart of incense (sincerity), the precepts of incense (according to the teachings of the Buddha’s ancestral hall) and Dinh incense (absolutely not changing the heart). change of mind).

These three types of incense belong to the five parts of the dharmakaya and two more are liberation and liberation of knowledge and perception of incense. So using the offering method is to remind yourself to practice precepts, concentration, and wisdom.

5. The meaning of offering lamps

The purpose of the lamp is to radiate light. Allows the user to see the objects around. Therefore, the lighting of lamps to make offerings to the Buddha is understood as burning oneself, illuminating others; That is, Buddhists bring the teachings from the Buddha’s scriptures to life, use the body religion as a shining example for everyone to follow, follow, and be liberated together.

The lamp is a symbol of the lamp of wisdom. In ancient times, oil lamps and candles were often used, their meaning was very profound.

The lamp helps to purify the karma of ignorance, especially to dispel the darkness of the bardo, especially for people who are in the near-death stage, 49 days after death.

Especially oil lamps, which are their own lamps, illuminating others. That is the method that teaches us to pray for wisdom, to sacrifice ourselves for people, to use our own wisdom and capacity to serve society. Helping all sentient beings without asking for anything in return, that’s the method Buddha taught us.

6. The meaning of water offerings in

The characteristics of water are pure, calm, and pure. That is why when we offer water to the Buddha, we immediately think that our mind must be pure, equal, and pure like water. In life, we should treat people, behave, communicate with people, things, things, our mind should not have the distinction of rich – poor, rich – cowardly, wise – stupid. As King Vo Tac Thien said: “Humans are born the same, all equal. When an adult puts on a robe, he is called a king. And if you put on a torn shirt, it’s called a beggar.” Pure mind, equality. Therefore, every time we look at a glass of water, we will remember our honest, pure, and egalitarian mind, that’s why we say that water is an important offering.

For this reason, water offering is an extremely excellent method of offering. No one brought water to worship but wondered more or less, it was cheap. Water is easy to get, anyone, rich or poor, can afford to make offerings every day. This is the easiest way to create merit, without being greedy and damaging the merit.

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Just pure clean water. Can be boiled to cool or rain water, well water, filtered water are fine, do not offer nóng water.

7. Meaning of making offerings with a bright mind

We must understand that making an offering is to make our mind pure, that we are reminded of the lessons of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas because they do not need the above and the meaning of the offerings is in the eyes of people. often to remind themselves to follow the example of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas about how to live and practice.

Buddhas and bodhisattvas have great power, great wisdom, but they can’t change the law of cause and effect. Buddhas and bodhisattvas can’t help us get promoted, they can only teach us how to cultivate. learn. If we understand, then follow that and practice.

Don’t make offerings out of greed, for example a disciple buys a very expensive bell to give to his master and only expects to see the master using his own bell and not someone else’s. If the teacher brought a bell to give to someone else, he would certainly not be happy in his stomach, so why would he give the bell he gave to someone else.

All these mental states are very familiar to us, even though we have made offerings, we still continue to do our job, not letting go of the mentality of regret. It is this regret mentality that will cause the merit to be severely reduced, even if there is no merit, it will create more negative karma..

“Human factors are initially good” but because of ignorance, we have delusions, attachments and distinctions. It is for this reason that every day we are prone to anger, goodwill, delusions and attachments, hatred and anger.

Therefore, Buddhism teaches us how to nourish our body and mind. As well as blessings, the rich can achieve perfect happiness, the poor can achieve the same happiness, and everyone can achieve the same.

Whatever cause we sow, we will surely reap that result, this principle is absolutely not wrong. If in the past and in the present life, we don’t want to be a monk and want to develop wealth, we won’t have it!

Buddhas and Bodhisattvas can’t change the laws of nature, we have sown the cause of generosity, when the predestined conditions come to maturity, we can naturally develop wealth, not because of Buddhas, Bodhisattvas or gods. divine manifestation.

Therefore, making offerings is a good thing, but be careful not to be deceived by greedy people, so simply understand that making offerings to Buddhas and Bodhisattvas is just a symbolic dharma, not a need.

We use the offerings that remind us every moment, every day, in contact with the external world, we must always be mindful, be aware, not be deceived, be righteous but not evil, be pure but not infected.


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